Gibraltar is a little slice of Britain in the Iberian Peninsula. Its position at the beginning of the Mediterranean has made it a strategic military gem and hotly contested territory. Moor Tariq ibn Zetard first settled the Rock in 711AD before later invading the entire Peninsula. Even earlier, Gibraltar is said to be the last known holdout of the Neanderthals.
Fast forward, Gibraltar’s sovereignty has been a major point of contention in the Anglo-Spanish relationship. An Anglo-Dutch force captured Gibraltar from Spain in 1704 during the War of the Spanish Succession. Then the territory was ceded to Britain in 1713 during the Treaty of Utrecht.
During World War II, the Allied forces used Gibraltar as their headquarters to launch an amphibious attack into French held North Africa called Operation Torch. The main objective was to clear the Axis powers from North Africa and prevent invasion of Southern Europe. The Allied powers were successful.
Now 300,000 people live there. Ten thousand Spaniards commute to Gibraltar daily for work. The Rock is also home to 230 Barbary Macaques, the only wild ape found in Europe. In 1944, Winston Churchill sent for more from Morocco when he noticed their population was dwindling. We loved hanging out with them. Enjoy the pics!